Žurnalas ar leidybos institucija: Environmental Biosafety Research
Autorius (-iai): Galeano, P., Debat, C.M., Ruibal, F., Fraguas, L.F. and Galván, G.A.
Straipsnio tipas: Kolegų peržiūrėtas tyrimas
Įrašo ID: 732
Abstract: The cultivation of genetically modified (GM) Bt maize (Zelandijos majai L.) events MON810 and Bt11 is permitted in Uruguay. Local regulations specify that 10% of the crop should be a non-GM cultivar as refuge area for biodiversity, and the distance from other non-GM maize crops should be more than 250 m in order to avoid cross-pollination. However, the degree of cross-fertilization between maize crops in Uruguay is unknown. The level of adventitious presence of GM material in non-GM crops is a relevant issue for organic farming, vietoje conservation of genetic resources and seed production. In the research reported here, the occurrence and frequency of cross-fertilization between commercial GM and non-GM maize crops in Uruguay was assessed. The methodology comprised field sampling and detection using DAS-ELISA and PCR. Five field-pair cases where GM maize crops were grown near non-GM maize crops were identified. These cases had the potential to cross-fertilize considering the distance between crops and the similarity of the sowing dates. Adventitious presence of GM material in the offspring of non-GM crops was found in three of the five cases. Adventitious presence of event MON810 or Bt11 in non-GM maize, which were distinguished using specific primers, matched the events in the putative sources of transgenic pollen. Percentages of transgenic seedlings in the offspring of the non-GM crops were estimated as 0.56%, 0.83% and 0.13% for three sampling sites with distances of respectively 40, 100 and 330 m from the GM crops. This is a first indication that adventitious presence of transgenes in non-GM maize crops will occur in Uruguay if isolation by distance and/or time is not provided. These findings contribute to the evaluation of the applicability of the “regulated coexistence policy” in Uruguay.
Keywords: Bt, Bt11, gene-ﬂow, MON810, out-crossing, Zea may
Citation: Galeano, P., Debat, C.M., Ruibal, F., Fraguas, L.F. and Galván, G.A., 2010. Cross-fertilization between genetically modified and non-genetically modified maize crops in Uruguay. Environmental Biosafety Research, 9(3), pp.147-154.