Journal or Publishing Institution: ScienceRise: Biological Science
Date of Publication: 02/05/2019
Author(s): Chorna, I.
Article Type: Peer Reviewed Study
Due to the widespread use of transgenic soy and the Roundup herbicide, we conducted histological studies of the kidneys of two generations of rats that received genetically modified soybean “Roundup Ready”, not treated with a herbicide, the same genetically modified soybean, treated with a herbicide and the “Roundup” herbicide together with drinking water.
Materials and methods. The subjects of the study were male rats of the Wistar line at the age of 4 months, weighing 180-200 g. The experimental animals were grouped into 5 groups of 12 rats each (6 females and 6 males): Group I – the intact animals (kept on a standard vivarium diet); Group II – the animals with up to 26% of standard diet nutritional value, replaced by traditional soybean; Group III – the rats with up to 26% of the standard diet, replaced by genetically modified soybeans, not treated with the herbicide Roundup; Group ІV – the rats, fed with feed containing up to 26% of genetically modified soybean, treated with the herbicide Roundup; Group V – the rats, received the herbicide Roundup with drinking water at a concentration (0.1 μg / L). After 42 days, all groups of rats were paired, and thus the second generation was obtained. At the age of 12 months, the rats of all groups were decapitated, and pieces, selected from the middle part of the kidneys (indicate which ones), then these pieces were fixed in 10 % neutral solution of formalin for 48 hours. At performing morphological studies, commonly used histological techniques were used.
Results. The evaluation of histopathological changes in the kidneys of the experimental animals, fed with genetically modified soybean, not treated with the Roundup herbicide (Group III), the ones, fed with transgenic soybean, treated with a herbicide (Group IV), and the ones received the Roundup herbicide with water (Group V) was realized. The analysis of histological sections of the kidneys in all rat groups showed changes in the structure of the kidneys in the IV and V groups. As a result of the experiment, reversible swelling of the renal tubule epithelium in these groups and signs of necrosis of individual cells in the first generation of rats were noted, and in the second generation there was a destruction of the tubule cells and a violation of their functions.
Conclusions. The use of genetically modified soybean, treated with the herbicide «Roundup» and herbicide, results in the loss of the structure of renal glomeruli and in the disruption of their functions, both in the first and second generation. Such results indicate a negative effect of the herbicide on the rat’s organism and its ability to accumulate in soybean seeds
Keywords: biotechnology, traditional soya, transgenic, glyphosate-resistant, kidneys, herbicide, glomeruli, hydrophilic swelling, rats, rodents
Chorna, I., 2019. The structural and functional state of kidneys of two generations of rats in the use of glyphosate-resistant genetically modified soybean and herbicide “Roundup.” ScienceRise: Biological Science, 1 (16), 25-29.
- Health effects
- Pesticide use
Record ID: 2557